Biomass boilers utilise natural products like wood, crops, and farming waste to produce heat and power. In this blog site post, we will talk about the total operation of a basic biomass boiler.
The total operation of a basic biomass boiler can be broken down into the following actions:
- Fuel Delivery: The very first action in running a biomass boiler is to provide the fuel to the boiler. The fuel is then transferred to the boiler utilising a conveyor or auger system.
There are two main types of biomass fuel delivery systems: manual and automatic.
- Manual Fuel Delivery: A manual fuel delivery method involves manually loading biomass fuel into a storage container or hopper. Smaller biomass boilers typically use this method.
- Automatic Fuel Delivery: Automatic fuel delivery is the process of automatically delivering biomass fuel to the boiler. In this method, the biomass boiler is automatically fed by a silo or bunker that stores the fuel.
- Fuel Storage: Once the fuel is provided to the boiler, it is kept in the fuel hopper. The fuel hopper is a container that holds the fuel and feeds it into the boiler. The hopper is usually made from steel and can hold numerous days’ worth of fuel. The storage area for the biomass fuel should be appropriate, regardless of whether the fuel delivery system is manual or automatic. The fuel storage area should be located close to the boiler to minimise the distance the fuel needs to travel and should also be protected from the elements, with a roof and walls to prevent moisture from getting into the fuel and causing it to deteriorate.
- Fuel Combustion: Once the fuel is provided to the boiler and kept in the hopper, it is fed into the combustion chamber. The combustion chamber is where the fuel is burned to produce heat. The heat produced by the combustion is moved to water in the boiler.The amount of fuel that is loaded into the combustion chamber is regulated by the boiler’s control system, which ensures that the appropriate amount of fuel is burned to generate the desired amount of heat.
- Heat Transfer: The heat produced by the combustion is moved to water in the boiler. The water in the boiler is warmed to produce steam. The steam is then utilised to power a turbine to create electrical power or to heat up a structure.
- Ash Removal: As the fuel is burned in the combustion chamber, ash is produced. The ash is gathered in the ash pan or ash bin. The ash needs to be gotten rid of from the boiler occasionally to keep its effectiveness.
- Control System: The control system is an important element of a biomass boiler. The control system manages the operation and keeps an eye on the boiler. It makes sure that the fuel is fed into the combustion chamber at the right rate at which the temperature level of the water in the boiler is kept at the proper level.
- Flue Gas Cleaning: The combustion procedure produces flue gases that require to be cleaned up prior to being launched into the environment. The flue gas cleansing system usually consists of a cyclone separator, a bag filter, and an electrostatic precipitator.
In conclusion, biomass boilers are a cost-efficient and environment-friendly option to fossil fuel-based heating units. By comprehending the total operation of a biomass boiler, you can guarantee that it is running at its ideal level which is offering optimal performance and expense savings.
Being a leading company in the boiler industry for over 40 years, we have a strong past track record in providing biomass boiler solutions to a vast variety of industries including plywood, agro based industry, food process, paper, textile, rubber and many other process industries. Our philosophy that sustainability should be rooted in the betterment of the ecosystem rather than profit allows us to provide services that are quality driven, cost efficient and sustainable for the environment.